Unless we pay an ever-increasing tithe to stop bad weather, the world will end. So decreed the Government of Canada, and, on April Fools’ Day, forced all Canadians to start handing over hard-earned dollars to the eco-gods.
Provinces of Canada had been warned that if they did not come up with a “carbon tax scheme,” Prime Minister Trudeau and his Liberals would do it for them. In April in Toronto, Ontario challenged the constitutionality of Canada’s Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act in a four-day hearing at the Court of Appeal for Ontario.
The premise for the Act and for every single boondoggle of a fake-green scheme to “fight,” “tackle,” “take action against” manmade global warming/manmade climate change is false. Greenhouse gases (of which carbon dioxide (CO2) has been targetted for demonization) that arise from the activities of people living their normal lives, are blamed for causing changes in the weather.
CO2 is the most important food for all life on earth. Calling it a “pollutant” is anti-science and anti-truth…We are not the enemy of nature, but its salvation – Dr. Patrick Moore, Ecologist, Greenpeace Co-Founder (See 54:39 and 1:06:18)
Greenhouse gases are not a pollutant, as the title of the Act would have you believe. Without them there would be no life on earth. There is no manmade global climate emergency. The climate changes naturally all the time, always has, always will.
(Note how cleverly the Liberal government now refers to greenhouse gases in the singular, officially treating them as a “single pollutant,” no doubt to deflect the inconvenient truth that, CO2, the trace gas they vilify is actually invisible, odourless, life-giving plant food. The eco-hysterics have always abused language to obfuscate – for example with the words “carbon,” and “carbon pollution,” hoping people will confuse them with deadly carbon monoxide.)
So, on the basis of a false premise, an expensive four-day court proceeding involving scores of learned lawyers, experts, huge amounts of time and brainpower, and the full judicial apparatus with five justices, focused on debating in all gravity and seriousness the finer points of whether the provincial or the federal government has the constitutional right to the privilege of profiting from “fighting” a non-existent problem. It’s as if nobles of The Emperor’s retinue, he of the New Clothes, are squabbling over who has the right and the privilege to the useless act of dressing the Emperor in his pretend, non-existent clothes. It is actually that ridiculous, and tragic.
Beleaguered taxpayers in Ontario have to foot the bill for both the provincial and federal government’s legal tussle over the spoils of “tackling” a non-existent problem. At least they were allowed to watch the drama unfold via live stream from the courtroom and decide for themselves the relative merits of the case.
Unfortunately not heard in the courtroom was the following:
It was warmer than today for at least 95% of the last 10,000 years. – Dr. Tim Ball, historical climatologist
Ninety percent (90%) of the time since creation the earth was warmer than it is now – because the geological evidence indicates that over all of geology history, 4.65 billion years, somewhere between 5% and 10% of that time was there [no] substantial ice on earth, and now there is. There’s Greenland and Antartica and summer ice all over the planet, lots of places. So you’re talking 5% or 10% of the time the planet was cooler than it is now. – Dr. Richard A. Keen, Emeritus Professor of Atmospheric Science, University of Colorado
We’re at the lowest levels of CO2 in earth’s history. Four hundred and forty-four million years ago, while we were in the depths of the coldest period in the last half billion years, we had 1100% of today’s CO2 levels, according to geologic proxies. So CO2 is very low right now. They say “40% rise in the last century, since 1880.” Well, that’s peanuts in natural terms. – Tom Harris, Executive Director, International Climate Science Coalition
The carbon dioxide in this room is now around 900 [ppm]. Now, either we should be happy about it or evacuate the room for fear that there is something bad about it. There is nothing bad about carbon dioxide. The more the better. – Dr. Jay H. Lehr, Science Director, Heartland Institute
“The climate system is a coupled non-linear chaotic system and therefore long-term prediction of future climate states is not possible.” The IPCC web pages where this statement was recorded were purged in November 2018. It was recorded prior to this many times on the WayBack Machine. – Dr. Patrick Moore, Ecologist, Greenpeace Co-Founder
First the scaremongering, then the legal argument
Eminent, honest scientists and experts were not invited to the hearing, and climate science expertise such as theirs was not required (because “the science is settled,” don’t you know). The objective of the challenge in the Court of Appeal for Ontario was not to establish whether or not the hypothesis of cataclysmic manmade climate change has been proven or whether a tax can prevent planetary climate doom as the Trudeau government claims.
Nonetheless, many of the parties arguing for the constitutional legitimacy of the Act felt it necessary to preface their submissions to the court with apocalyptic declarations, as follows:
We know that climate change is an urgent threat to humanity. The accumulation of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere causes global warming, which is causing climate change and the associated national and international risks to human health and well-being. Greenhouse gas emissions are not contained with geographic boundaries. They are an interprovincial and international pollutant. Reducing Canada’s total greenhouse gas emissions as part of the global effort to slow climate change is critical. – Lawyer for Canada
First and foremost, we submit that climate change is the most serious environmental and economic problem of our time. If greenhouse gas emissions are not a matter of national concern, it’s difficult to imagine what is. And it’s not merely the importance of the problem that makes it a national concern to respond to Ontario, it’s the fact that greenhouse gases cause serious extra-provincial and international impacts… – Lawyer for Canada’s Eco-Fiscal Commission
Ontario agrees with Canada that climate change is real, is caused by human activities, is already having a disruptive effect across the country and if left unchecked, its potential impact will be even more severe…In short, Ontario’s agreement is consistent with the view that greenhouse emissions, in causing climate change, are an evil. – Lawyer for Canadian Environmental Law Association, Environmental Defence, Sisters of Providence of St. Vincent de Paul
Climate change is properly understood as a public health issue. There is scientific consensus that it is the biggest global public health threat of the 21st century. – Lawyer for Canadian Public Health Association
There was the usual heart-wrenching plea to think of the children, the grandchildren, the next generations:
I’m here today to talk about children, the children of today and the children yet to come in future generations…they are going to bear the most severe impacts from our greenhouse gas emissions… the greenhouse gas emissions of current and previous generations have created an urgent threat to our children and to future generations. – Lawyer for Intergenerational Climate Coalition
And then there was the predictable, hysterical pronouncement from the charlatan Suzuki corner:
Canada and the world face a crisis more dire than any that has come before. As we have been warned by an overwhelming consensus of scientists, a rapidly warming planet threatens Canadians’ way of life and indeed our very lives. We have only a decade to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to a stable level. If Canada’s and the world’s actions do not produce the required reductions by 2030 we will pass a point of no return, forever losing the ability to prevent some of the worst consequences of climate change. The shrinking window of time left to save ourselves from climate disaster is truly a national emergency, in fact, nothing less than a global emergency. – Lawyer for David Suzuki Foundation
Even the lawyer for the Province of Ontario insisted that:
This is not a reference [case] about whether climate change is real. It is. This is not a reference about whether greenhouse gases produced by human activity are contributing to climate change. They are. And it is not a reference about whether action needs to be taken. Action does need to be taken. Ontario has taken action. Ontario is continuing to take action.
The Trudeau Liberals’ “leak”
Some of the five justices hearing the case seemed at times to conflate their understanding of regular environmental pollution with manmade climate change, but no wonder when the Act uses the deliberately misleading term “greenhouse gas pollution.” Moreover some of them seemed to reveal where they may stand on the subject of manmade climate change per se. In a question for the lawyer representing the intervener Province of New Brunswick, with reference to floods there, the justice posited this: “…if they’re caused by climate change, which seems a reasonable assumption…“
With all due respect, even the UN’s IPCC would beg to differ:
There is medium evidence and high agreement that long-term trends in normalized losses [from extreme weather] have not been attributed to natural or anthropogenic climate change…
Another justice had this to say:
The worst impacts by far in Canada of greenhouse gases are the three northern territories. They’re facing the risk of temperatures rising from 3.5 to 7 degrees. The biggest emitters are Ontario, Alberta, and probably Quebec. What’s the incentive for Alberta, Quebec, and Ontario to do things that are going to be responsive to a horrible problem up north? Just on the news the other day there was the chief of one of the bands up in the Yukon, saying the caribou this year are 85 km away from where they have been for centuries – 85 km away, and entirely because of the melt up there.
Now this is highly interesting. The day that the carbon tax became effective – April 1 – a report by Canada’s Department of the Environment was “leaked” to Canada’s state broadcaster, the CBC. It claimed that Canada was heating up twice as fast as the rest of the world, and that Northern Canada was triple the global rate. On March 31, the day before the alarmist report was “leaked,” the state broadcaster published an article, handwringing that “Indigenous elders in Yukon say moose and caribou are moving farther north to escape the effects of climate change.”
The CBC continued to fan the flames more than usual with daily news or opinion pieces wholly in line with the Trudeau Liberal government’s climate narrative and the imperative to tax carbon dioxide. Very neat and tidy coincidences and exquisite timing, wouldn’t you say? Sad caribou story, carbon tax implemented, leaked alarmist climate report – all within two days. The CBC’s propaganda effort seems to have had a powerful impact on at least one of the justices.
It is to be hoped that the honourable justices get their climate information from sources other than the propagandist state broadcaster, as, for example, from Dr. Ross McKitrick, who puts the super-heated government report into proper perspective. It was apparent, judging by some of their comments and questions, that the justices would also do well to refresh their basic scientific knowledge about the atmosphere, greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide, fluctuations in climate throughout the eons, and so on.
A “carbon” tax/levy/charge, inflicted on Canadians based on a fake, anti-human premise
The premise for this hearing, and that of the Act in question, was and is that catastrophic, life-threatening, earth-dooming global warming/climate change is caused by man’s emissions of greenhouse gases, craftily treated as one single pollutant. This fake premise was not up for discussion, but should have been debated long ago by a Liberal government that crowed it would develop policies and legislation based on science and evidence. It’s the pernicious, dishonest tax grab that is “evil,” not the greenhouse gases, as the lawyer for Canadian Environmental Law Association et alia would have you believe.
A tax on thin air as a punishing “behaviour-changing signal”
The lawyer for the Government of Canada stated that the Act is not a tax bill, but rather imposes a “behaviour-changing regulatory charge,” that represents a “behaviour-changing signal,” whereby “the dominant purpose is to change behaviour.”
So Justin Trudeau and his Liberals fancy that they can change the behaviour of Canadians, punish them, social engineer them, with a punitive levy for living their lives, for doing the things that keep them (and the country) safe and secure, healthy, productive, and alive – in a cold, modern, northern country with a huge landmass! Canadians rely on fossil fuels for every aspect of our lives. Exactly what “behaviour” are they supposed to “change,” and to what? Stop heating their homes? Stop going to work? Stop eating?
Canadians are climate pawns in the UN’s globalist aims
The Liberals’ irrational, insane scheming is based on the false premise that man can control the ever-naturally-changing climate and weather. It is influenced and brought to you by the UN’s anti-human, anti-democratic agenda for unelected, unaccountable global governance using a phoney global climate immolation as a smoke screen. (You can read a series of posts about the UN’s corruption and politicization of science to effect its malign infiltration and influence on every level of public policy decision-making in Canada here.)
Other provinces blow back
Canada’s carbon tax law applies to provinces that do not have their own “carbon tax regimes” that meet “national standards,” currently Ontario, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and New Brunswick. Saskatchewan has completed its own court of appeal challenge, and is awaiting the outcome. Manitoba plans a legal challenge. But will any leader of any level of government in Canada ever have the conviction or the guts to challenge the root problem, the false premise underlying the evil “carbon” hoax, the most massive scientific deception ever perpetrated in plain sight?
Ontario’s Court of Appeal hearing ended April 18. The five justices have reserved judgement, and their ruling will come sometime within the next six months.
On April Fool’s Day the Trudeau Liberal federal government’s draconian Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act came into force in Canada–a fitting day on which to inflict a punishing carbon tax law on Canadians. It applies to provinces that do not have their own carbon tax regimes that meet “national standards,” currently Ontario, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and New Brunswick.
The Preamble to this law, based on the fake premise of manmade global warming/manmade climate change, is full of the usual pseudoscientific tropes and untruths about a pretend planetary climate emergency.
The Preamble, the rationale and justification for the Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act, decoded in caps (emphasis added):
BECAUSE 97% SCIENTIFIC CONSENSUS (fake claim, long ago debunked many times over):
Whereas there is broad scientific consensus that anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions contribute to global climate change;
BECAUSE URGENTLY SAVING THE PLANET (blatant scaremongering):
Whereas recent anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases are at the highest level in history and present an unprecedented risk to the environment, including its biological diversity, to human health and safety and to economic prosperity;
BECAUSE WE’RE ALL GONNA DIE (more blatant scaremongering):
Whereas impacts of climate change, such as coastal erosion, thawing permafrost, increases in heat waves, droughts and flooding, and related risks to critical infrastructures and food security are already being felt throughout Canada and are impacting Canadians, in particular the Indigenous peoples of Canada, low-income citizens and northern, coastal and remote communities;
BECAUSE THE GRANDCHILDREN (emotional blackmail):
Whereas Parliament recognizes that it is the responsibility of the present generation to minimize impacts of climate change on future generations;
BECAUSE IT’S A PLANETARY CLIMATE EMERGENCY (fake, phoney, non-existent):
Whereas the United Nations, Parliament and the scientific community have identified climate change as an international concern which cannot be contained within geographic boundaries;
BECAUSE THE UN TOLD US TO (obeisance to “non-binding” UN diktats):
Whereas Canada has ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, done in New York on May 9, 1992, which entered into force in 1994, and the objective of that Convention is the stabilization of greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system;
BECAUSE THERE IS ONE IMMUTABLE, CORRECT GLOBAL TEMPERATURE (which the UN’s IPCC made up out of thin air):
Whereas Canada has also ratified the Paris Agreement, done in Paris on December 12, 2015, which entered into force in 2016, and the aims of that Agreement include holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels, recognizing that this would significantly reduce the risks and impacts of climate change;
BECAUSE THE PARIS AGREEMENT SAYS WE HAVE TO (“non-binding” UN agreement):
Whereas the Government of Canada is committed to achieving Canada’s Nationally Determined Contribution – and increasing it over time – under the Paris Agreement by taking comprehensive action to reduce emissions across all sectors of the economy, accelerate clean economic growth and build resilience to the impacts of climate change;
BECAUSE AN URGENT “NATIONAL PROBLEM” (non-existent, lying to Canadians):
Whereas it is recognized in the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change that climate change is a national problem that requires immediate action by all governments in Canada as well as by industry, non-governmental organizations and individual Canadians;
BECAUSE WE LOVE ORWELLIAN LANGUAGE (“pricing” is a tax grab):
Whereas greenhouse gas emissions pricing is a core element of the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change;
BECAUSE WE’RE GONNA MODIFY YOUR BEHAVIOUR (micromanage your life) . . .
Whereas behavioural change that leads to increased energy efficiency, to the use of cleaner energy, to the adoption of cleaner technologies and practices and to innovation is necessary for effective action against climate change;
. . . BY BEATING YOU HARDER AND HARDER WITH THE PRICING STICK (citizen abuse):
Whereas the pricing of greenhouse gas emissions on a basis that increases over time is an appropriate and efficient way to create incentives for that behavioural change;
BECAUSE WHOSOEVER EMITS CARBON DIOXIDE HAS TO PAY (does breathing out count?):
Whereas greenhouse gas emissions pricing reflects the “polluter pays” principle;
BECAUSE IF THE PROVINCES REFUSE TO DO IT . . .
Whereas some provinces are developing or have implemented greenhouse gas emissions pricing systems;
. . . WE’LL MAKE THEM . . .
Whereas the absence of greenhouse gas emissions pricing in some provinces and a lack of stringency in some provincial greenhouse gas emissions pricing systems could contribute to significant deleterious effects on the environment, including its biological diversity, on human health and safety and on economic prosperity;
. . . BECAUSE WE CAN AND WE WILL:
And whereas it is necessary to create a federal greenhouse gas emissions pricing scheme to ensure that, taking provincial greenhouse gas emissions pricing systems into account, greenhouse gas emissions pricing applies broadly in Canada
The Greenhouse Gas Pollution Pricing Act is a dishonest legislation right from the start, i.e. the title – greenhouse gases are not “pollution.” This from the Liberal government that promised to develop policies and legislation based on science and evidence. It has the fingerprints of the UN’s anti-human, anti-democratic sustainable development program all over it, citing agreements and commitments that Canadians were never consulted about or able to vote on, such as the UN’s 1992 Framework Convention on Climate Change (basis for the UN’s Agenda 21, Millennium Development, 2030 Agenda), the Paris Agreement, and the UN’s unscientifically-derived, made-up global target temperature rise of no more than 2°C (oh wait, no, they reduced it for added hysteria value down to 1.5°C!).
Ontario is currently challenging the constitutional validity of the law in the Court of Appeal for Ontario. That’s good news, but unfortunately putting the cart before the horse. We first need a court case about whether or not manmade global warming/manmade climate change is actually a scientifically-proven catastrophic thing. To prove that, we need a baseline of empirical evidence as to what the natural influences on the ever-changing climate are, and then empirical evidence of what, if any, is man’s contribution causing additional change over and above that.
Sadly, at the moment there is nothing like this kind of national climate science review on the horizon for Canadians.
This year, starting in mid-March, thousands of migrating Tundra Swans stopped at the Thedford Bog (a designated Important Bird Area) near Grand Bend, Ontario on Lake Huron and stayed for 13 days. This was some ten days short of their average stay of 23 days over the last 13 years, according to the Lambton Heritage Museum’s statistics (click on “Swan Migration/Discover More”). The Thedford Bog is an important staging area on their annual 6000 km round trip migration to the western Arctic from the eastern USA.
The reasons for their shorter stay could be manifold, but the question has to be asked: does some of it have to do with the fact that the resting and feeding swans are now effectively surrounded by industrial wind turbines on three sides, disturbing their rest and search for food?
NextEra’s Goshen industrial wind turbines are thankfully not located directly on the swans’ resting spots, but are close enough and could pose problems for the birds as they fly to the corn stubble fields in the wider area to feed. We know that the lethal blades of wind turbines butcher millions of birds and bats annually worldwide (insects too). But if NextEra’s wind turbines slaughter Tundra Swans or Bald Eagles, the company and all Ontario wind facilities get a free pass, even for endangered species. Under Ontario law, the wind industry suffers no consequences if it “kills, harms or harasses a member of a species that is listed on the Species at Risk in Ontario List as an endangered or threatened species, or damages or destroys the habitat of such a species…”
It is dispiriting driving on the Bluewater Highway (King’s Highway 21), which runs through one picturesque coastal community after another, along most of the entire length of the eastern shoreline of Lake Huron, for roughly 192 km from the Lambton Shores in the south to Southampton in the north until it turns east and inland to cross the Bruce Peninsula. Almost the entire way along the lake, drivers face a bristling phalanx of industrial wind turbine installations, kilometre after kilometre, despoiling the beautiful pastoral and shoreline landscape.
It hurts all the more when you know that industrial wind turbines have absolutely no redeeming value except for their subsidy-dependent, usually foreign, owners. They are dangerous, useless, ungreen, and both economically and environmentally destructive. The only saving grace is that the wind turbines along Lake Huron have not been situated between the highway and the lake. But that makes no difference when you look east or, for example, gaze northwest from the wonderful beaches at Grand Bend from where they ruin the view. Coastal beauty vistas, with huge tourist potential, ruthlessly despoiled for the fake planetary emergency of manmade climate change, the rationale for so-called green energy schemes such as the monstrously ineffectual industrial wind turbines.
How did this happen? The scourge of industrial wind turbines has been inflicted on Ontario, including the breathtaking Lake Huron shoreline, because of the massive UN-led deliberate scientific deception that the carbon dioxide produced by man’s use of fossil fuels is a demon gas that will overheat the earth and kill us all. Actually, carbon dioxide, i.e. CO2, is a non-polluting trace gas that you cannot smell or see, without which there would be no life on earth. The manmade global warming/manmade climate change $1.5 trillion industrial complex is driven by a pernicious anti-human political ideology, with not one whit of care for the environment or the scientific method.
The UN’s malign objective behind this deception is a bid for unelected, unaccountable global governance, the abrogation of national sovereignty, of democratic freedoms, and of property rights, and anti-human plans for de-industrialization and wealth re-distribution (as detailed in the UN’s Agenda 21, the Millennium Project, Agenda 2030). Many of Canada’s governments at various levels, including the current “climate action”-obsessed federal Trudeau regime, have fallen in line and imposed economically-ruinous “green” policies and taxation schemes in order to obey the UN’s diktats.
It is beyond tragic.
A sign in Queen’s Park, just steps away from the Ontario Legislative Building, proves the gargantuan fakery of manmade climate change. It reads in part:
THE NATURAL HISTORY OF QUEEN’S PARK
15,000 years ago, all of Ontario was covered by glacial ice measuring up to 1.5 km thick. Lake Iroquois formed when these glaciers receded…This glacial lake eventually receded to the level of Lake Ontario.
Climate changed naturally throughout the eons. Always has, always will.
The biggest lie central to the Fake Climate News narrative, devoid of scientific-method-derived empirical evidence, is that carbon dioxide, CO2, is responsible for manmade climate change, the cause of catastrophic extreme weather events that in reality have occurred only inside rigged climate computer models. None have been borne out by real-world observations and empirical evidence.
Carbon dioxide, the life-giving, invisible, odorless trace gas plant food, has been deliberately demonized and vilified as “carbon pollution,” “carbon emissions,” “GHG emissions,” where a deadly “carbon footprint” is every human’s original sin and which, according to the eco-freak pundits unchallenged on the “climate change” propagandist state broadcaster CBC, has “people dying by the hand of carbon emitters.“
Fake Climate News is the pretext for the draconian control-and-command “mitigation measures” of the Liberals’ fraudulent-green energy policies, enabled by anti-democratic and anti-human legislation such as the Green Energy Act in Ontario.
As JoNova writes:
The religious mission against plant fertilizer in the hope of holding back the tide by half a millimeter in 2100 is noxious, damaging, dangerous in so many ways. It deprives the poor of cheap energy, good jobs, and warm houses.
The evil climate fakery has spawned a massive, corrupt, $1.5 trillion worldwide climate change industry. In Ontario, the Liberals’ phoney-green energy policies have caused punishing electricity costs and plunged citizens into gut-wrenching energy poverty. Unmoved, the Ontario Liberals continue to oppress and impoverish Ontarians with their useless, destructive, pernicious industrial wind energy fiasco. To make matters worse, the Liberals have imposed what is effectively a callous, irresponsible carbon tax (on thin air) which itself is subject to a further Harmonized Sales Tax (HST)!
Just how useless and wasteful industrial wind turbines are is detailed in a December 2016 report submitted by Strategic Policy Economics (Strapolec) in response to the Ontario Ministry of Energy’s formal review of its Long-Term Energy Plan (LTEP). It provides a shocking analysis.
For the report, Strapolec developed a simulation to show how “supply options could interact to supply the anticipated demand.”
Key assumptions and findings with respect to industrial wind turbines (emphasis added):
- …intermittent solar and wind generation…sources require significant backup/storage and entail other integration costs.
- …wind generation…results in a surplus electricity.
- Wind generation production will be intermittent.
- Wind in Ontario tends to arise at similar and coincidental times across the province.
- Wind is deemed surplus to the hydro or nuclear generation.
- Imports are called upon to meet the winter ramp if there is insufficient wind production.
- …wind may be able to “fill in” with the future imports, but does not integrate well with baseload hydro or nuclear.
- This intermittency results in over 40% of the wind generation becoming surplus generation…
- The significant increase in wind capacity in the OPO [Ontario Planning Outlook] is questionable on three counts:
- Wind generation has not matched demand since its introduction in Ontario;
- Over 70% of wind generation does not benefit Ontario’s supply capability: and,
- Wind generation will not match demand in the OPO future projections as 50% of the forecasted production is expected to be surplus.
- Figure 16 compares wind generation patterns to Ontario demand for the period of 2013 to 2015. Over this three-year period, wind generation has increased in the spring and fall when Ontario doesn’t need the supply, and is at its lowest when Ontario needs it most in summer. Peaking in the fall, wind generation does not contribute to its full supply capacity throughout the higher winter demand period. Wind cannot be matched to demand. With the forecasted winter-heavy demand profile, the contrast between wind generation and demand in winter will become as stark as those in the summer.
- This mismatch leads to surplus energy.
- When wind generation is present in Ontario, it causes three distinct reactions of similar magnitude in the dispatch of Ontario’s supply resources:
- Curtailment (waste) of both nuclear and hydro;
- Export of wind generated electricity at prices well below cost of production; and
- Reduction of natural gas-fired generation.
- Total useful wind energy therefore represents 4.3 TWh, or 47%, of the wind generation in Ontario. Over 50% of wind generation in Ontario is not productively used by Ontarians. It could be viewed as being wasted through curtailments and/or via uneconomic exports to neighbouring jurisdictions.
- …historical surplus wind generation is reflected in the production forecast in the OPO D1 and D3 options. These results indicate that 40% to 55% of the planned wind capacity in the OPO may be surplus. This is a very important consideration given that the LTEP focuses on the lowest possible cost future. If wind generation can only be productively used 50% of the time, then its unit cost doubles to $172/MWh from the $86/MWh assumed in the OPO. This suggests that wind generation is the most expensive generation option for Ontario, not including the Tx related costs and other integration issues described in the OPO. Wind and imports represent the two most expensive options in the OPO, yet these options are given significant weight in the OPO. The LTEP process should address this contradiction.
- The limitations related to wind generation’s contribution to Ontario’s clean supply mix were discussed earlier in this report.
- …it can be argued that given the natural flow of…wind patterns, as described in Section 3.0, demand does not match these supply resources, and requires either large reservoirs or backup facilities to function.
- The wind and solar costs in the OPO are deceiving, as outlined earlier. The full cost associated with wind’s variable production profile is $172/MhW…
- Opposition to wind projects has been evident in Ontario and other jurisdictions. Specific concerns have been expressed about human health impacts, nuisance effects related to noise and the visual presence of the wind turbines on the landscape, bird deaths and disturbance to the habitat of rare fauna and flora.
- Research is underway in several jurisdictions e.g., Germany and Sweden related to the decommissioning, recycling and disposal of wind turbines and the associated infrastructure.
- No clear accountability and or funding arrangements are evident in Ontario to manage the decommissioning, recycling and disposal of components of existing and or planned wind projects.
The Strapolec report, damning as it is of the non-efficacy of industrial wind turbines, is predicated on the fiction that
the urgency to combat climate change is now fully acknowledged by all key actors. To reverse the impacts of global warming, deep decarbonization of the global economy is now a priority for government action. Electrification across all economic sectors is considered a critical enabler for transitioning Ontario to a low carbon energy future. The LTEP’s role is to provide for the energy infrastructure that will facilitate this transition.
The report provides an awful lot of technical analysis and deep thinking about how to craft an energy mix that will effectively “fight” what is actually a non-existent problem of manmade climate change. However, it is very valuable with respect to pointing out that the industrial wind turbine industry, as one of the climate industry’s fake-green energy “alternatives,” is utterly useless, actually damaging, economically speaking, not to mention destructive in every conceivable way for humans, communities, the land, and wildlife—birds and bats catastrophically so.
In December 2016, Ontario’s auditor general, Bonnie Lysyk revealed that
ratepayers forked out $37 billion more than necessary from 2006 to 2014 and will spend an additional $133 billion by 2032 due to global adjustment electricity fees on hydro bills.
Meanwhile, the provincial and federal Liberals, instead of addressing real environmental issues, kowtow to the UN-led massive scientific deception, by now a quasi religion, and stupidly, wilfully continue tilting at a deliberately concocted non-existent climate problem, betraying, oppressing, and impoverishing the people they are mandated to serve and protect.
Canada’s broadcaster, the CBC, chief propagandist for the manmade climate change/manmade global warming cabal, featured Canada’s Minister of the Environment and Climate Change, Catherine McKenna, and the Administrator of the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Gina McCarthy, on yesterday’s The Current, with host Anna-Maria Tremonti presiding.
Pontificating about a non-existent problem, and prescribing a punitive tax remedy for it, McKenna and McCarthy, with Tremonti providing the cues, manage to parrot all the usual tired, alarmist, untrue, irrational manmade climate change tropes—multiple times—as listed further below.
At the same time, the Mc-Robots want you to believe that:
…technology choices…are competing effectively against fossil fuels; in many cases they are less expensive, so let people…choose, let the market capture…technologies that are are most able to compete…mostly renewables.
…when you look at the markets and market forces, numerous renewables are now at par, in many cases, with fossil fuels and so…there’s a shift right now towards renewables.
…continue to allow fossil to be in the mix until it’s no longer the one that’s viable or cost-effective…let the market decide, as long as we send the right market signals.
…they have to successfully compete in the market.
It’s not as much about EPA regulations but it is about the industry themselves and whether they can remain competitive.
No reasonably-informed person swallows any of this drivel
For example, in Ontario, “renewables” such as industrial wind turbines can spring up seemingly overnight, thanks to tailor-made, obstacle-free special legislation. Their owners go on to enjoy 20 years worth of guaranteed, significantly above-market rates of return. On the other hand, anti-oil, anti-gas, anti-coal, anti-pipeline regulations, rules, and strictures mean an unlevelled competitive field for the fossil fuel industry.
As for Mc-Eco-Bots and their automated disinformation, read on . . .
“Feel” the manmade climate change
There hasn’t been any global warming for at least 19 years, but, according to the Mc-Fibbers, manmade climate change is really here, is really happening right now. They can feel it, they can see it, so why can’t you?
…we know the climate is already changing, we can feel it, we can see it, we can measure it
…on the front lines of climate change, they can see it every day
…the real impacts of climate change
…a major impact
…understand what is the real impact
…impacts of climate change
…because you can really see it and feel it
…we see impact there
…very real changes to the climate that are impacting their lives
…climate changes that are already happening
Yes, climate changes all the time, always has, always will—naturally.
“Fight” and “tackle”
Lest you aren’t feeling the desired degree of urgency, the Mc-Deluded wish to remind you at every turn that something supposedly needs to be done, and pronto. Hence, the following (hubris-filled) action points:
…tackling climate change
…tackle climate change
…how we tackle climate moving forward
…tackling climate change everywhere
…challenge of tackling climate change
…the fight for climate change
…have to take action
…take action on climate
…the challenge of climate change is an immediate one, we have to take action on it
…we all know that we need to act
The Mc-Deluded actually think that they can control the climate. The 11th century King Canute had more common sense, integrity, and honesty than McKenna, McCarthy and their political masters combined.
“Low-carbon” future or bust
And why do we need to take action? The Mc-Fake-Enviros’ objective for their fool’s errand is simple-minded, backward:
…reduce our carbon pollution
…capture the carbon that is damaging the planet
…move towards a low-carbon future
…decarbonizing, moving to lower-carbon future
…a low-carbon future
…we need to move to a lower-carbon future
…moving to a low-carbon future
…moving to a lower-carbon future
A “low-carbon” future is code for de-development, de-industrialization, de-population, anti-democracy, anti-personal-freedoms, and consigns the poor to even deeper poverty, despair, and deprivation.
Carbon price and tax thin air
And how do the Mc-Punishers think they can make us comply? Put a price on it, again, and again:
…price carbon and tackle the problem
…putting a price on carbon
…a price on carbon
…price on carbon
…we need to be putting a price on carbon
It really is a tax on air. Think about it.
Of course, these are not mere whims on the part of the Mc-Pseudo-Scientists and their masters. These draconian measures are supposedly based on empirical evidence, on sound science, don’t you know, and therefore righteous and good:
…our science-based efforts
…the best science
…absolutely looking at the science
…Paris agreement is based on science
…a science-based approach
…the science is really good today
…we’re doing things based on science
Just in case you’re worried about the economic consequences of their “evidence-based” plans, the Mc-BSers assure us that everything will be hunky-dory:
…done in a sustainable way
…make sure they’re done in a sustainable way
“Sustainability” is code for anti-prosperity.
Of course, when providing the rationale for the manmade climate change insanity, never forget to play the “next generation” card, and the Mc-Eco-Preachers do not disappoint:
…we need to protect our kids
…we need to keep our kids future healthy and safe
…create the jobs that my kids will have
…protecting our kids
…keeping the world safe for future generations
…necessary for our kids
The truth is that the kids will be far sicker, poorer, and more at risk if insane anti-human manmade climate change policies are implemented.
Greenhouse gas demonization
Finally, there may be an additional manmade climate change villain in the offing. Is methane being groomed as the new CO2? The fabrication that CO2 is the demonic driver of manmade climate change may have become too much of an awkward argument for the eco-fantasists. Too many people know that CO2 is carbon dioxide, a non-polluting, indispensable trace gas that nourishes plants, without which there would be no life in earth. So, methane may now need to be the satanic, planet-destroying gas:
…curbing methane gas emissions
…capture that methane
…you have to capture the methane
…capture the methane that otherwise would be damaging the planet
The UN-led deliberate, evil deceit of manmade climate change continues unabated
The scientific fiction, fuelled by a $1.5 trillion climate change industry, continues apace, scarcely hindered by the truth, or valid science, or the scientific method.
We need more courageous and honest leadership in the political class. We need more common sense, more mainstream media investigative journalism, more reason. We need more public awareness that the cry-wolf, pretend-green potentates of the manmade climate change narrative are liars, utterly lacking in clothing and any scrap of integrity.
Carbon tax, carbon price, carbon levy, cap-and-trade, revenue-neutral or not—call it what you will, it is definitely a tax that everyone will pay, one way or another. It’s a You-Are-Guilty-Of-Causing-Manmade-Global-Warming/Manmade-Climate-Change Tax, levied on the carbon dioxide produced by living your life.
Let me list a few of the ways in which it’s all your fault:
- The It’s-Your-Fault-That-You-Need-To-Stay-Warm-In-Winter-To-Avoid-Freezing-To-Death Tax
- The It’s-Your-Fault-That-You-Have-To-Drive-For/To-Work-So-You-Can-Earn-A-Living Tax
- The It’s-Your-Fault-That-You-Choose-To-Cook-Dinner-For-Your-Kids Tax
- The It’s-Your-Fault-That-You-Make-The-Stuff-That-People-Need-To-Live Tax
- The It’s-Your-Fault-That-You-Want-To-Wear-Clothes-And-Live-With-Dignity Tax
- The It’s-Your-Fault-That-You-Don’t-Fancy-Poisoning-Yourself-With-Unrefrigerated-Food Tax
- The It’s-Your-Fault-That-You-Farm-Crops-And-Raise-Animals-That-Feed-The-People Tax
- The It’s-Your-Fault-That-You-Need-A-Roof-Over-Your-Head Tax
- The It’s-Your-Fault-That-You-Want-To-Cross-The-Atlantic-Or-Pacific-Without-Having-To-Swim Tax
And so on, and so on . . . whatever you do, whatever you need is toxic to the Earth, and must be stopped, they say. This political, not scientific, dangerous UN objective, was openly, baldly stated by Marxist and Canadian Maurice Strong, then UN Secretary General of the Earth Summit, at the Rio UN Earth Summit in 1992:
It is clear that current lifestyles and consumption patterns of the affluent middle class— involving high meat intake, consumption of large amounts frozen and convenience foods, use of fossil fuels, appliances, home and work place air-conditioning, and suburban housing — are not sustainable.
For “not sustainable,” read “must be eliminated.” This is just one of the many people-control goals contained in Agenda 21, The United Nations Programme of Action, a non-binding, voluntary sustainable development action plan, agreed to by Canada and 178 other nations in 1992. It has been openly, but quietly, stealthily implemented bit by bit ever since—”globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the United Nations System, Governments, and Major Groups in every area in which human impacts on the environment.” A carbon tax is one of many thousands of steps in this insidious, anti-democratic, anti-human process.
Proponents (in Canada it’s the Prime Minister, the premiers of the provinces, except Brad Wall of Saskatchewan, et alia) of the extortionist carbon tax/price/levy see it as a combo behaviour-modification-and-revenue tool, designed to coerce you into making changes to your supposedly climate-catastrophe-causing habits, force you to pay for your alleged earth-harming ways. They aim to politically-correct you to be socially-just by drastically reducing your standard of living and surrendering your cash. They say they will use the proceeds to “tackle climate change,” “fight climate change,” and “save the planet” from what, in reality, is a non-existent problem. Aren’t these ridiculous, hubristic, unrealistic goals, when you really think about it? Boondoggle, anyone?
The extortionist carbon tax/price/levy is seen as a combo behaviour-modification-and-revenue tool.
For the eco-self-righteous elite and the ignorant, venal or delusional politicians, inflicting a social justice penalty and punishment tax will teach you a moralistic lesson in original sin (that of your supposedly toxic ”carbon” footprint, caused by your very existence).
A sin-punishing, kleptocratic tax on thin air . . .
The fake rationale for a sin-punishing, kleptocratic tax on thin air is the biggest scientific deception ever perpetrated, namely that manmade CO2 (carbon dioxide) supposedly causes catastrophic manmade global warming and apocalyptic manmade climate change. Human CO2 “emissions,” invisible, odourless, non-polluting though they are (but the eco-poseurs will never say that), need to be curbed or everyone burns up in a super-heated hell on Earth. But consider the following;
- There has been no global warming for nearly 19 years, during which time CO2 concentrations rose by 10%, therefore rendering the cause-and-effect grounds for carbon taxing/pricing/levying scientifically invalid.
- The UN’s climate computer model predictions of climate doom-and-devastation have all failed to match real-world empirical evidence.
- Climate changes naturally all the time, always has, always will.
In short, there is no global climate emergency at all (as Dr. Tim Ball likes to say, it only exists inside the UN IPCC’s (rigged—my word) computer climate models), and, in fact, CO2 is a life-giving, miracle trace gas enabling mankind’s survival.
A carbon tax/price/levy is a pernicious, avaricious, dishonest tax on the carbon dioxide produced by mankind’s activities. Eco-crooks try to make you believe that huge amounts of it are being spewed everywhere. In fact, CO2 is a trace gas comprising a tiny 0.04% of the atmosphere. It is something you exhale. It’s not a pollutant. It’s plant food, vital to life on earth, without which we would not even be here to discuss the carbon tax lunacy.
The end game is . . . UN Agenda 21 . . . communitarian global governance by fiat.
Undeterred by the facts and basic science, the ENGO eco-zealots, self-serving politicians at every level and of every stripe, the unthinking educators, the MSM collaborators, the carbon-propagandist celebs, the co-opted scientists, the UN climate potentates, the woefully uninformed journalists, the corporate appeasers, et alia earnestly discuss the finer points of (unnecessary, ought to be illegal) carbon pricing and procedures, when in fact the whole thing is one gigantic, evil, corrupt charade. The end game is money, power, control, UN Agenda 21, forced wealth transfer, de-population, anti-prosperity, anti-nationalism, totalitarianism, communitarian global governance by fiat.
High time to fight back.
The new Environmental Commissioner of Ontario, Dianne Saxe, celebrates and looks forward to punishing you (she Orwellian-newspeaks it as “give a financial incentive to people”!) with the Ontario Liberals’ planned cap-and-trade carbon tax scheme for the greenhouse gas “pollution” that you “create”:
Hallelujah! It’s really about time. Again, the entire world recognizes that we need to put a price on carbon if we want to give a financial incentive to people to reduce the pollution that they create, the greenhouse gas pollution that they create. We have to put a price on it. If it’s free, if doing the wrong thing is free, and the right thing [is] expensive, the people are more likely to do the wrong thing.
Earlier in her interview with Steve Paikin on TVO’s The Agenda, Saxe was asked what had been the highlight of COP21, the UN’s mega climate conference that she attended in Paris last December. She said:
The highlight was reaching the agreement. That was an extraordinary achievement…it was an incredible achievement…in terms of a real tipping point for both national governments, and sub-nationals and non-state actors around the world. It was astonishing!
Of course, we all know it was a total non-agreement, but one that nonetheless will be used by the powers that be to rationalize imposing further coercive, extortionist measures to “save the planet.”
When Paikin asked Saxe what were some of the “neat ideas” that came out of the conference, she replied:
Portfolio decarbonization initiative, which is the recognition by big money managers around the world that ignoring the risk of carbon is now impermissible because there are physical risks, there are liability risks, there are stranded asset risks, and there are reputational risks which are now a necessary part of fiduciary duty of any money manager in the world.
Insanity! It’s a UN-led initiative, of course. Bear in mind, that “carbon” is carbon dioxide, i.e. plant food. So, money managers are supposed to advise clients to divest themselves of any stocks associated with the production of a harmless trace gas, without which there would be no life on earth.
Of course, no TVO discussion about the climate would be complete without the usual scaremongering idiocy about how we are all climate-doomed. Saxe obliged:
The most frightening thing in Paris was learning about the science. I thought that I was pretty up-to-date with how bad things are and how fast things are moving when in fact things are much worse than I thought.
And one of the biggest factors is that in this entire process of planning ahead of how bad it’s going to be, we have left out one of the biggest sources of carbon in the world, which is the melting of the permafrost. So the challenge is even bigger than we knew, the urgency is greater.
But climate changes naturally all the time. And there has been no global warming for almost 19 years now. So if the permafrost is melting, it ain’t your fault. There are other reasons for it, such as natural climate phenomena and fluctuations.
And please, don’t neglect to mention recent weather events as being proof of manmade climate change! Saxe had a good one:
It probably helps that right in the middle of the conference there were $5 billion worth of floods around the world, $4 billion alone in India, the huge flood in northern England…it seized people’s attention.
“Helps”? That’s a rather cruel, callous, opportunistic view of what the poor Brits endured, losing their possessions and homes on their water-logged Boxing Day. Actually, the floods in northern England were caused not by manmade climate change but by government negligence, mandated by the EU directives (based on misbegotten UN-driven “climate change” ideology) to stop the traditional flood-control dredging of rivers. But don’t let facts get in the way of a sensational phony narrative.
And, of course, don’t forget to wring your hands over the grandchildren—again! Saxe made sure they got the usual warmist’s shout-out:
In 1992 when I went to the Rio conference we thought we were talking about a problem that would matter to our grandchildren. In 2015 we realized it’s a problem for us all right now, and moving fast.
Ontario’s Environmental Commissioner checked the usual boxes in the “climate change” catechism:
- the evils (imaginary) of greenhouse gas “pollution”
- it’s your fault, and you must be punished and pay
- put a “price” on “carbon,” i.e. tax you, and then tax you again
- decarbonization of everything, i.e. stop economic growth
- believe “the science,” but only if it’s UN-authorized
- weather is proof of manmade “climate change”: heavy rain causing floods, etc
- urgency (because “the science” is supposedly beyond debate and settled)
- think of the poor little grandchildren, i.e. emotional blackmail
Ontario’s Environmental Commissioner is obviously a devoted believer in the church of manmade global warming. (She has to be—it’s the second mandate listed on her job description.) So, Dianne Saxe will have to help the Liberal government that appointed her force Wynne-beleaguered Ontarians to do the wrong “right thing.”
Oh, the science-illiterate CBC—Canada’s national broadcaster!
The website of its radio program, The Current, has this caption underneath the photo of a generic scientist:
McGill University’s Joe Schwarcz is doing his best to separate the facts from the myths — relying on a novel technique called the scientific method. (Emphasis added – see above.)
Scientific method a novel technique, CBC?! It’s only been around in its modern form since at least the first half of the 13th century, and its underpinnings go back to Aristotle!
The delicious irony being that this caption is part of a segment that is supposed to be about separating fact from fiction in science reporting and blogging! (The Current‘s guest, Joe Schwarcz, Director of McGill University’s Office for Science & Society, has written a new book that he says is intended to “separate sense from nonsense and to give good, reliable information …”)
A serious problem with the clueless CBC (and, with a few notable exceptions, the majority of the mainstream media) is pretending to be scientifically savvy and journalistically objective when actually woefully uninformed, and biased to boot, especially so when it comes to the hypothesis of manmade climate change.
The fact that the CBC seemingly has zero knowledge about the scientific method explains why it eagerly and ignorantly regurgitates every apocalyptic prediction emanating from the UN/IPCC’s climate computer models that have consistently failed to match real-world evidence and data, and why Canada’s national broadcaster never seems to invite any sceptical scientists or experts to join the discussion.
The Current’s segment highlights the extent of the CBC’s delusion about its journalistic skills and objectivity, and its utter failure to act responsibly in reporting on climate science. In fact, the publicly-funded CBC is one of Canada’s most prominent propaganda organs for promoting the scientifically unproven hypothesis of manmade global warming/manmade climate change and the spectre of a non-existent global climate catastrophe.
The segment starts out reasonably enough. Guest Joe Schwarcz poses the question:
Who is trustworthy? … evaluation of information is paramount … the only way you can do that is by having a solid scientific background, by being aware of the peer-reviewed literature, by being aware of how we in the science community claim to know what we know ….
Later in the segment Joe Schwarcz continues by saying, “We don’t have concrete answers to everything” and “Real scientists don’t make dogmatic remarks.” Then,”real scientist” Joe Schwarcz, Ph.D. in Chemistry, completely contradicts himself and feels free to make a concrete, dogmatic statement about manmade climate change.
Before that, however, Schwarcz opines on journalistic fair balance:
… just because there are diverse opinions on many scientific issues it doesn’t mean that they should carry equal weight . . . but in journalism school, very often the principle is taught that you have to, you know, give attention to both sides of a controversy … write up an article, or do a radio/TV piece, presenting it as if the two sides had equal weight …
At that, Anna Maria Tremonti, host of The Current, seems to want to puff up her journalistic bona fides. She says:
As opposed to dealing with the fact, which is what journalists are also supposed to do … right!
Joe Schwarcz continues:
Exactly! Just because you have differences of opinion doesn’t mean you give them equal weight, because in one case you might have the majority of the scientific community supporting one side, and a few rogue outliers on the other, but very often those rogue outliers are very, very convincing and they speak well because they work at it. Most scientists … are not that interested in kind of describing their work to the public, whereas when you look at the activists … a great deal of effort goes into how they should communicate their information.
Host Anna Maria Tremonti can’t resist that opening:
Well, same with scientists who say that climate change doesn’t exist.
This is an extraordinarily stupid, and grossly irresponsible thing for a CBC host to say! (Also gratuitous—the index in Schwarcz’s new book contains no entry for climate change, or global warming, or environment, or carbon dioxide, or CO2. In other words, he did not discuss the climate debate in his book.) We doubt there is any scientist anywhere, of any stripe, of any ability, who would say that climate change doesn’t exist. In fact, even any non-scientist who has ever heard of the Ice Age will logically conclude that climate changes naturally over time—it always has, and always will. Tremonti made a knee-jerk, flip, uninformed statement, devoid of any serious understanding of the issue at hand, typical of the kind of thoughtless CBC climate debate comment that you can expect to hear (or read) on any of the CBC’s public affairs programs from any of its hosts, at any time of the day or night.
Joe Schwarcz enthusiastically takes the bait of Tremonti’s comment with a “concrete answer” and “dogmatic remark”:
Exactly! And that’s one of the classic examples where articles are written apparently giving equal weight to both sides, and yet, when you speak to scientists who do the work—atmospheric chemists who really are up-to-date on all of the research—they will tell you there is no argument here. Climate change is real, and humans do play a role. (Emphasis added.)
First, it’s not true that the CBC, or the majority of the mainstream media, give “equal weight to both sides” of the climate issue. Most articles or radio/TV pieces are skewed to the alarmist side of the debate. Second, would the climate science “rogue outliers” be someone like real Canadian scientist Dr. Tim Ball, who is “up-to-date on all of the research,” and who does have “a solid scientific background, (is) aware of the peer-reviewed literature, (is) aware of how … the science community claim to know what (they) know”?
In any case, CBC mission accomplished! Once again the scientists and other experts who are sceptical about the hypothesis of manmade climate change have been sufficiently bashed by the CBC host, linking them to “rogue outliers”—or “activists” who worry about how to communicate their information. (Well, yes, when most of the mainstream media completely ignores them they do have to make a concerted effort to alert the public about the willful bias, the lies, the propaganda.)
After discussion of other issues, Anna Maria Tremonti asks:
How much responsibility does the mainstream media have to take for leaping on to, like, a big story and then torquing it or just, like, making it sound like so … so, ah, certain?
Joe Schwarcz answers:
Well, you know, the job of the media is to sell the media, right?
CBC’s Anna Maria Tremonti:
Well, it should be, it should be … but it’s not to sell it. It’s to … um … put out information that we are told by some people is accurate, and they’ve studied it, right? So how do you, you know …
Well, because things that are in the news generate more requests for being in the news. I think it is the job of the media to separate the sense from the nonsense. I think journalists have the task of doing the work but these days, unfortunately, people just want sound bites.
Anna Maria Tremonti changes the subject, and later on asks:
So, why should people trust you and what you are saying rather than the other sources that are out there trying to get attention?
Our allegiance is to the scientific method. The only thing that makes a difference is that whatever decision is arrived at, is arrived at through proper scientific methodology, not through hearsay, not through emotion, and not by listening to the all-knowing they-say-that. So, we go by the evidence and that evidence is furnished, of course, by the peer-reviewed literature. It’s not to suggest the peer-reviewed literature is infallible—it isn’t infallible because humans are humans … The referee has to assume that what was submitted is correct … If someone wants to submit fraudulent data, you can get away with it.